This negative information was recorded in his mind. Young people are more prone to the pressure exerted by criminal gangs and organized crime. The consensus of the society can be broken by individuals that may seem deviant at the time but whose views, eventually, come to represent the general consensus.
However the relativity of deviance is shown by how the Zimbabwean society opposes homosexuality but in some western societies it is legal for instance the United States of America. This essay has clearly shown how the depiction of deviance is as a result of different perspectives; these perspectives are a result of societal norms and values.
Firstly there is a large number of unreported crime that will never make it into the official statistics, so the official statistics can not be regarded as the complete picture.
The problem is that common ideas of who commits crime and why and how often is often misunderstood because of media attention and misleading official statistics. Whereas due to different values in the social institutions societies have to differ when relating to deviance.
Since many of those within a society will share these opinions thus, obviously, forming a consensus the only difference between the deviant and the non-deviant must be the social structure that they exist under, as Haralambos explains: Also the sociological theories of functionalism and Marxism will be discussed in particular, the functionalist perspective that deviance is essential to society and the Marxist view that deviance is a result of the economic environment.
Merton offered his structure strain theory. The upper class owes such power to their control and ownership of the means of production. Modern research finds that the lack of supervision, or support a child needs is a link to delinquency in any race.
Other scholars are of the view that crime and deviance emanate from social reaction, strain caused by the society, social transformation and interaction just to mention a few. The definition of deviance defines the threat and allows for containment and control of the threat.
No wonder, modern sociologists begin paying more attention to the factors that cause this change in human mind. As you see, there are many theories that try to explain the source of crime and deviance but no one has managed to generate the best answer to this question.
This shows how the Media can over exaggerate and even fabricate statistics, causing fear form the public. I will, after this consider the theories of the Chicago school before concluding this section with an assessment of Howard Becker and labeling theory.
This does not however negate its importance as an opinion forming notion within society because, as we shall see, in many ways those who are excluded are equally as important, if not more so, as those that exclude.
Another debate is where it is biological or psychological factors which are the cause of crime and deviance and most sociologists would say neither, as even though in early days of sociology is was widely believed that is was biology which effected crime and deviance with advances in science is has now widely been dis proven.
What the functionalist theory seems to ignore is the negative affects crime can have on the victim and the criminal and who the laws which are the outcome of deviance benefit. Thus, an individual is powerless and has no alternative but to uphold to the value.
This is why this topic is important to the study of sociology. This situation can generate deviance. And psychologically factors are thought to be more complex issues rather then it just being a result of early childhood.
With all of the studies that have been performed, no one group has come up with an exact reason to why people behave deviantly. Crime and deviance constitute a classic pathology within societies which has led to a variety of responses at political and societal level.
This essay will explore crime the cause of crime and deviance with two theories, the labelling theory and biological theory. Essays; Crime and deviance; Crime and deviance. social construction of crime, through its amplification by social reaction can produce the real consequences of career criminals or deviants as the offenders become engulfed in copying with the stigma of a deviant individuality that ultimately might lead to his or her embrace of that socially.
Sociology of crime and deviance essay This is a essay that i used for my Access to higher education diploma in social work course; it is also similar to the A level sociology course.
Please do not copy this essay, it is for informational purposes only and it has not been proof read or corrected. White collar crime is an act committed in the course of a legitimate occupation, street crime is not.
Related Flashcards Sociology ch 6 deviance, crime and social control. Sociology of crime and deviance essay This is a essay that i used for my Access to higher education diploma in social work course; it is also similar to the A level sociology course.
Please do not copy this essay, it is for informational purposes only and it has not been proof read or corrected.
Sociology Crime And Deviance Essay. 0. Free Essays. There are three main theories of why crime and deviance exists in society.
There are biological, psychological and sociological explanations for this occurrence. Here are many useful free essays on various topics. You can look for the necessary theme in the search section and open written.Crime deviance sociology essays